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ICOs – On Value and Return

What would you say if I were to ask you, “What is the purpose of purchasing crypto-coins?”

That’s simple, you’ll likely say. Your longer answer will of course depend on what angle you’re approaching the issue from – investor, miner, or IP holder – but most generally any answer will include some mention of “to see a return.”

But, to further the question – a return on what and from what?

The money one invests in the project is, at least in theory, going toward something the investor believes will have some value somewhere down the line. This value is presumably what will be the source of the return. Any added perks of the cryptocurrency, such as an integrated use on an IT platform or discounts for holders of the currency, may not be considered a part of this return by those unassociated with the project.

And then, there exist a large number of ICO projects in which little to no value is to be expected. This can be for a variety of reasons, but most likely the project falters or had no demonstrable product to start with. Or worse, it was what has been unfortunately termed a “Pump and Dump” scam from the start.

In July of this year, an ICO was started to make light of these situations. The Useless Ethereum Token (UET), advertised complete transparency in that it had zero value or use, was created out of boredom, and that proceeds would be used to buy a television. And what happened? People flocked to the UET.

Perhaps only for the novelty or what analyst Steven Gleiser describes as “FOMO” (fear of missing out), the Useless Ethereum Token ended up raising USD 214,479, or as the UET CEO phrases it “Enough to buy 182 televisions!” All this for a self-admitted valueless token.

So then, what does this mean in regards to value that generates the desired return?

Value is entirely where we place it, whether justified or not. This can easily be seen with the recent skyrocketing of Bitcoin to over USD 16000. In this instance, and a number of other non-fiat or virtual currencies that have surfaced in recent years, value is placed in something ephemeral and intangible, but supported by a shared sense of all those participating.

This sense of value attributed to the intangible is exactly what the Useless Ethereum Token set out to make a mockery of, but instead joined the ranks of these valueless tokens who managed to find their own value. Except, that value did end up to be fleeting as well. At the time of this writing, the UET has a value of USD 0.0133. This is, admittedly still more valuable than the “nothing” promised by the ICO, but not by much.

As we have seen time and again, the value of a token can fall or rise, or go to nothing at all. How will this affect your return? It’s impossible to say. However, we are left with one key, yet often overlooked, feature of many tokens – those added perks we brushed aside in the rush to higher returns. And it’s these bonuses inherent in the token themselves that may lend the investor the true return they are seeking, should they care enough about the ICO project in which they are taking part.


TraDove is a Business Social Network built to ease transactions between business partners by ensuring all parties operate with transparency and reliability. Recently, TraDove began the world’s first dedicated B2B token ICO, the BBCoin, created to add another level of confidence for buyers and sellers worldwide. Learn more at





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Regulations and Lack Thereof on ICOs

Initial Coin Offerings or ICOs have gained a large following of both investors and financial industry spectators since their introduction in 2013. Because the whole market is only a couple years old, analysts are using cliché terms like “exciting” and “the Wild West” to describe the air surrounding ICO investment.

Of course, there is some truth to this. Investors and the IPs that conduct the ICOs are seeing massive and unexpected profits based on the intangible promise of the potential gained value of an invented currency. And this idea sells. Says an article at Tech Crunch,

“There were 64 last year that collectively raised $103 million… So far this year, we’ve seen 25 offerings raise a bit more than $163 million, and we’re on track to see more than $210 million raised by the end of June.”

On the other side of this, there have also been a number of losses recorded for investors due to the volatility and unpredictable nature of the ICO realm. Some are blatant scams perpetrated by someone who has simply made a shiny front page. Others are products or IPs who failed to live up to their promise.

So why the wide range in this Wild West of ICOs?

In short, regulations. Or, at least the lack thereof.

Because the field is so new, and so in finding its own stride, it draws influence from many other financial practices.  Most often, ICOs and investment in them are treated in a similar manner to securities, however there exist no current regulations on how to guide these transactions in the United States. This means neither are the companies limited, nor are the investors protected. However, it allows for an environment of free and unrestricted enterprise for the time being, which many analysts tout as a good thing.

Mostly Free

Will the lack of regulation continue? Most likely not and the days seem to be numbered on this free reign of unregulated ICO trading. In the United States, this is an issue currently being looked at by the SEC as well as other US regulatory agencies, although no immediate legislation is on the horizon.

And this seems to be where most of the attention is focused, as many other polities appear to be waiting for the United States’ move on the ICO phenonmenon. However, this has not stopped a number of smaller municipalities from creating their own ruling on the practice.

Some examples of these include:

  • In Singapore, tokens are very accepted and aren’t even considered a security
  • “In August 2013, a Texas federal court ruled that because cryptocurrency can be used to purchase goods and services, pay for individual living expenses, and exchanged for conventional currencies, it is a currency or form of money. This ruling allows for the SEC to have jurisdiction over cases of securities fraud involving cryptocurrency. As a result US citizens may not participate in an ICO, unless they are accredited investors.”
  • Russia has not yet supported or discouraged cryptocurrency trading and has no official position on ICOs
  • In most cases, companies choose to sell their tokens as a digital good rather than a digital asset

One stark departure from all this is China’s recent decision. In this, they state all ICO investment is to be illegal and cryptocurrencies may no longer be exchanged within the People’s Republic of China. This is a major leap from their previous position that tokens were simply considered a non-monetary digital asset, according to the People’s Bank of China.

It is yet to be seen if this is the first domino to fall for the ICO world.

For the time being, it seems that most regulatory bodies are letting the ICO scene play out and observe the outcome. Should the need arise, they are willing to step in, but not in the immediate moment. The fact remains that in this new market, things are exciting and still very much up in the air.

Stan Miroshnik nicely summarizes the situation in an interview at Tech Crunch:

“It’s really early. This whole market is just a couple of years old. Many projects have been out for less than a year, so it’s too soon to tell. But this is a small community where people know each other, so there’s a lot of founder pride and reputations are at stake. Also, the companies post their white papers publicly, their code is up on Github, and their token smart contracts are often peer audited, so [potential buyers] have some transparency in terms of where a product is in its cycle and also the community’s level of buy-in.”

TraDove is a Business Social Network built to ease transactions between business partners by ensuring all parties operate with transparency and reliability. Recently, TraDove began the world’s first dedicated B2B token ICO, the BBCoin, created to add another level of confidence for buyers and sellers worldwide. Learn more at

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A Brief History of ICOs

A Brief History of ICOs

With the advent of digital currencies, such as the now-ubiquitous Bitcoin, a number of independent companies have tried their hand at entering the crypto-currency market. Called Initial Coin Offerings (ICOs) and used as a source of investment fundraising for a number of start-ups, reception to this new crowd-sourcing phenomenon has analysts and investors all watching with wide-eyed curiosity.

Traditionally held to the realm of angel investors or venture capitalists to find funding, a number of start-ups are embracing this very new trend in the market. Curiously, there is already debate as to who offered the first Initial Coin Offering. It’s acknowledged that the first ICO was done in 2013, but depending on your criteria, the trendsetter boils down to one of two names.

One of these is Ripple Labs. Early in 2013, they created a payment system, creatively called Ripple, and sold coins to finance this development. By creating and marketing 100 billion XRP tokens against Bitcoin, Ripple Labs was able to successfully fund their further endeavors.

However, the name more commonly credited with being the first ICO is Mastercoin. Also using Bitcoin as a standard, Mastercoin managed to raise nearly $1 million in funds. A part of their strategy was creating a layer on top of Bitcoin in order to add another level of credibility for specialized “smart” transactions.

With the initial success of these two, whichever one we care to claim as the first, new ICOs began to slowly emerge. Some of these made big or small impacts, but there was not much of great noteworthiness.

Then Ethereum came onto the scene and revolutionized everything in 2014. Upon selling their coins, the Ethereum Foundation achieved a record-setting $20 million and used this capital to fund the development of their platform. On this platform, any number of companies can conveniently initiate and carry out their own ICO without starting from scratch.

And so they do.

Every month, dozens of ICOs occur and while not all are equal successes, the current trend seems to be more positive than negative. It should be noted, however, that most of these ICOs exist in a grey area outside of regulations.

We will cover this topic in a future post, but suffice it to say, while there is great potential for investors in the ICO with the current trends, there is always a risk involved as well. But most agree that whatever you might think of the new world of ICOs, they will be an exciting trend to watch.


TraDove is a Business Social Network built to ease transactions between business partners by ensuring all parties operate with transparency and reliability. Recently, TraDove began the world’s first dedicated B2B token ICO, the BBCoin, created to add another level of confidence for buyers and sellers worldwide. Learn more at

The Pioneer of eWTP – TraDove Business Network

Introducing the eWTP

The Electronic World Trade Platform (eWTP) is a revolutionary proposal relating to the future development of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in conjunction with global trade.

On Sept. 2nd, 2016, Jack Ma, Alibaba Executive Chairman, met G20 leaders from Indonesia, Canada, etc. in Hangzhou and delivered a speech on the Business 20 (B20).


The eWTP complements these goals, aiming to ease cross-border business. The platform will benefit SMEs, promoting public-private dialogue in order to clearly define e-trade rules and foster a more effective and efficient policy and business environment. By facilitating transactions, customs declaration, logistics and finance, etc., the eWTP will build an e-road for SMEs to reach every corner of the world.

Through these roads paved by the eWTP, you will be able conveniently sell your products to Kenya or import goods from Norway.

TraDove Business Network

The traditional B2B network cannot satisfy people’s urgent demand for the eWTP. Here is where a B2B 2.0 network is needed which can address each and every one of those unmet demands.

TraDove is that network.

TraDove is a business (social) network that promotes the realization of the eWTP by connecting the global community of businesspeople. It’s the business version of Facebook and LinkedIn – a B2B 2.0 leader created specifically to meet the increasing needs of the market.

Unlike the traditional B2B website, TraDove emphasizes the connections between people, rather than only products and transactions.  

Spanning both local and international markets, TraDove has been designed with all of the best in business social networking functionality available, with the dedicated aim of helping connect professionals (buyers, sellers, & others), their products/services and companies from all industries.

We aim to revolutionize existing industrial practices and solve the B2B information asymmetry problem – whereby sellers know more than the buyers. We shorten the buying and selling cycles from weeks or months to just a few clicks by allowing company-to-company precision advertising over the Internet with business profiles and targeted leads.

In addition, we create opportunities for non-buying or non-selling professionals to connect with other business partners, products and companies in which they are interested.

As an efficient communication and collaboration platform, TraDove allows one-to-one messaging, buying/selling proposals for selected parties, as well as private discussion for issues of interest.

Being a powerful business networking tool, TraDove matches corresponding people, products/services and companies through the use of B2B big data and artificial intelligence.

Features like Groups, Leads and Blogs & News allow users to share the latest industry information, knowledge, experience and business opportunities.

Meanwhile, our smart search engine enables TraDove users to quickly find matching buyers/sellers, products/services and companies based on business profiles. Moreover, for better management of supplier and customer relationships, TraDove can establish private networks, an exclusive business community for individual companies, industries or other interests.

Currently, TraDove has partnered with the ICC (International Chamber of Commerce)/WCF(World Chambers Federation), the American Purchasing Society and many Fortune 500 companies and organizations.

Currently on TraDove, there are over 200,000 registered corporate users from more than 100,000 companies worldwide, including many Fortune 1000 companies.

The iOS mobile version of TraDove has recently been released and is available for free download in the App Store. With the use of this app, TraDove is able to connect even more business partners through their mobile devices.
In order to remove trade barriers, TraDove invites all business people, especially those from SMEs, to join us in sharing information and business opportunities. We assist global SMEs to do precision marketing and solve the asymmetry problems between buyers and sellers. The future of international B2B trade will become more transparent. The business cycle will become shorter. And as a result, cross-border trade will inevitably become more credible.

Join TraDove and let’s realize the vision of an eWTP.

About TraDove

Our 6 core team members come from MIT, Facebook, Microsoft, Alibaba, Amazon and IBM.

We have offices in Silicon Valley, US, Europe and China.

Current investors and backers include a professor of MIT’s Sloan School of Management, former top executive of General Motors, former CFO of Morgan Stanley, former CEO of Bank of America, President of EastWest Bank.



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Fill limit vent valves Market Scope, Size, Share, Analysis by 2027

The fill control system is the system consists of primary and secondary fuel control window. It also has first and second conduit. The fill limit vent valves are the valves that control the fuel level in the vehicle. When the fuel in the tank reaches its capacity, the inlet control valve works with fill limit vent valve to avoid any spit back or wetback, and the automatic nozzles are shut off. The inlet control valve prevents the fuel from draining and also allows the vapor as well as liquid to pass the valve to prevent the situation where the fuel system gets over pressurized. The fill limit vent valve thus in coordination with the inlet control system prevent overfilling of the tank. It reduces the internal turbulence during fuel filling and prevents carryover. A fill limit vent valve includes a cover and valve assembly as well as fills control system. There is two vent aperture separated apart in which the first conduit extends the first distance along the housing and terminate in the first vent hole. Whereas, the second channel extends the distance along the housing and terminates in the second vent aperture. The Fill limit vent valves establish the airspace in the tank, and thus it prevents overfilling. Therefore, the global fill limit vent valves market is expected to gain traction in the forecast period 2017-2027.

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Global Fill limit vent valves- Market Drivers and Restraints

The primary factor for the increasing the demand for the fill limit vent valves is its advanced functioning. The fill limit vent valve drives fuel up the fill hose to activate the automatic nozzle shut off during refueling. It maintains an air space in the tank which allows the fuel expansion during drastic temperature change and also protects the fuel control system from contamination. The fill limit vent valve maximizes the tank capacity. The fill limit vent valves are responsible for the vapor management, fuel tank ventilation, leak protection, and spit back protection during fueling. Thus, the tank manufacturers or OEM builders are inclined to the fill limit vent valves which are generating demand for the fill limit vent valve in the near future. These factors all together are projected to have significant CAGR during the forecast period. However, the ullage depth set by the manufacturer or OEM builder cannot be changed. The manufacturer is compelled to EPA, USCG CFR, and CARB requirements which can affect the overall demand on the global platform during the forecast period.

Global Fill limit vent valves- Segmentation

Based on the type, the global fill limit vent valve market is segmented into the following:

  • Flanged
  • Threaded or Welded
  • Swivel

Based on tank material, the global fill limit vent valve market is segmented into the following:

  • Plastic
  • Metal-aluminum

Based on size (ullage), the global fill limit vent valve market is segmented into the following:

  • 3 / 8 "
  • 1/2 ”
  • 3/4“
  • 1-1/8 “
  • 1-1/2 “

Global Fill limit vent valves- Regional Overview

Geographically, the global fill limit vent valve market is segmented into seven regions namely Western Europe, Latin America, Eastern Europe, North America, Middle East and Africa, Japan, and Asia Pacific excluding Japan. With soaring in the fuel costs and environmental awareness, the demand for the low weight and energy efficient products are in bloom. The North America, due to technological advancement, developed infrastructures and high R& D research investment avails the region to have the prominent share in the global fill limit vent valve market. Europe after its recent economic down turn has demand generation for the global fill limit vent valve market.

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However, the Asia Pacific due to rapid industrial development, increase in the infrastructural development along with the rise of automotive industry led the region to be the potential market in the forecast period. These regions along with MEA and Japan also have the considerable market share regarding demand generation for the global fill limit vent valve market.

Global Fill limit vent valves- Market Players

Some of the prominent players for the global fill limit vent valve market includes Eaton, Attwood Corporation, Perko Inc., RAVAL ACS Ltd, Rota Val, Alfmeier Friedrichs & Rath LLC., and TOYODA GOSEI Co., Ltd.

Ferroelectric RAM Market – Segment, Forecast, Analysis, Trends 2024

Ferroelectric random access memory (RAM), also called as FRAM, is a random access memory that combines the features of dynamic RAM (DRAM) with read-only memory (ROM) and flash memory. FRAM offers fast read and write access along with the ability to retain data even after the power supply is turned off. As against DRAM, FRAM uses a ferroelectric layer for its fabrication instead of a dielectric layer. Although the construction of FRAM is similar to that of DRAM, unlike DRAM, FRAM is non-volatile in nature. Thus, FRAM provides functionality similar to conventional flash memories. FRAM offers various advantages over DRAM, static RAM (SRAM) and other non-volatile memories. Some of the advantages include lower power requirement, faster read and write operations and high number of write and erase cycles. The FRAM requires power only when writing or reading a cell and requires no power during its idle state. Moreover, unlike the flash memories, FRAM does not require refresh process and are capable of completing a write process in much less time cycle. Since FRAM are faster than flash memories, these are expected to replace other technologies such as electrically erasable and programmable read only memory (EEPROM) and SRAM in wireless applications.

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Global Ferroelectric RAM Market: Drivers and Restraints

The major driving factor for the ferroelectric RAM market is its advantages over other conventional memory technologies. Moreover, due to increasing developments in the electronic handheld devices, FRAM is expected to witness healthy demand in near future. Rising demand for fast memory operations in security systems and smart card applications is another factor contributing to the demand for ferroelectric RAM. Furthermore, ferroelectric RAM is an emerging technology and is expected to have huge potential owing to its advantages over conventional memories. Thus, vendors in the ferroelectric RAM market are increasingly investing in research and development (R&D) of ferroelectric RAM. This is expected to boost the FRAM market growth significantly in near future. Also, due to its fast operations, FRAM is likely to be used widely in data storage applications and other applications such as wireless sensors deployment. However, low density of FRAM as compared to the conventional volatile as well as non-volatile memories is a significant aspect that may hamper the growth of the ferroelectric RAM market. The storage capacity of ferroelectric RAM is much lower as against that of conventional memory. Thus, these memories are majorly used where speed of operation is more important than the data storage requirement.

Global Ferroelectric RAM Market: Segmentation and Regional Dynamics

Ferroelectric RAM market can be segmented based on the applications, device types and geographic regions. FRAMs are used in security systems, energy meters, smart card applications, access control applications, sensor networks and others. FRAM is widely used in wireless applications and wireless sensors applications due to their high power efficiency. FRAM are used in various devices such as computer desktops, laptops, mobile devices, meters, personal digital assistant (PDA) and other handheld devices. On the basis of geography, the ferroelectric RAM market is segmented as North America, Europe, Asia Pacific and Rest of the World (RoW).

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Some of the key players in the ferroelectric RAM market are Cypress Semiconductor Corporations, Texas Instruments Inc., International Business Machines (IBM) Corporation, Toshiba Corporation, Infineon Technologies Inc., LAPIS Semiconductor Co. Ltd. and Fujitsu Ltd. Fujitsu Ltd. was the first semiconductor manufacturer to build embedded ferroelectric RAM.

Public Safety Wireless Communication Market and Municipal Wireless Communication Market: Spending Analysis & Forecast

Technologies which are transforming the public safety domain in EMEA include Wi-Fi and WiMAX, mesh networking and RFID. The permanent autonomous organization Public Safety Communication Europe Forum (PSCE) is aiming at the safety of citizens during crisis and emergency situations and improving provision of public safety communications with proper information management systems.

Collaborations with public and private partners is taking place to achieve the goal of driving the deployment, development and operation of wireless service applications and corresponding networks in an urban area and to fulfill the overall strategic goals of public safety organizations and municipalities.

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Wireless broadband technology is evolving at a fast pace due to its application in almost every field whether transportation, public safety, industrial usage, or in public services. The governments in EMEA are showing interest to know how wireless broadband is being used for public safety as well as considering if there is an increase in the need to access various applications through wireless broadband across borders.

In EMEA the spectrums of public safety are used in many applications due to limited spectrum availability in the network.  Berlin has launched the project ‘Wireless City Berlin’ (WCB) which is supported by the European Regional Development Fund (ERDF). This is an example of a public safety initiative project. Infrastructure development and services market are expected to show huge growth rate in the next seven years which will help in future growth of wireless communications in public safety and municipal wireless communication.

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To improve communication about public safety and information related to latest developments there is huge opportunity for growth of wireless communication in public safety and municipal wireless communication.

The public safety devices and equipment market is expected to grow in the next three years where the infrastructure deployment growth will provide a strong background to the development of wireless technologies. This increase in wireless technology has future growth opportunities in public safety and municipal wireless communication.

Electronic Displays Market – Global Industry Size, Share, Trends, Analysis And Forecast 2023

The electronic displays market report provides comprehensive insights into the global trends, forecasts, and competitive scenario of this industry. Electronic displays generate visuals by converting electrical signals into images. These visuals have the ability to change in real time. This is achieved as the memory of electronic displays is refreshed every time that new information (read electrical signals) is fed into it. The electronic displays market comprises multiple technologies, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. The report on electronic displays provides a comprehensive snapshot of the market, segmenting it on the basis of technologies, applications, and geographical regions.
The report analyzes the end-to-end value chain of the electronic display market, and identifies opportunities for forward integration based on your business area. Our expert analysts offer recommendations for sustenance and growth by bringing you up to speed with game-changing trends in this market. As is the practice with all our market research reports, the report on the electronics display market is packed with data tables, charts, graphs, and analysis. This report further examines the future market scenario using Porter’s five forces impact analysis to determine threat from substitutes, degree of competition, and bargaining position of buyers and suppliers.
The Company Profiles chapter is a complete review of the established and leading market players in the electronics display market. Compiled using primary and secondary research methodologies, the Company Profiles section gives you a current perspective on the revenues of your competitors; their strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats; recent developments and their product portfolio.
We arrive at market sizes, forecasts and trend projections using the top-down and bottom-up approach. The report also provides recommendations and expert analysis to help you chart a robust growth strategy or entry into new markets.
Overview of the Electronic Displays Market
An electronic display is essentially an ‘output’ platform that projects data in the visual form when it is supplied with an electrical signal as an ‘input’. Electronic displays are conspicuous by their presence in our everyday life—from industrial machinery to mobile phones to computers to televisions to appliances. Conventional displays such as counters, galvanometers and paper displays have steadily but definitively been edged out by electronic displays. Thus, the market for displays in the electronic form has undergone transformation, and it continues to develop at a rapid pace.
What are the factors that have driven electronic displays into a multi-billion dollar market? They are low on maintenance, comparatively affordable, and last longer than traditional displays. These displays were first introduced to the market using technologies such as cathode ray tubes (CRT). Since then, until now, the size, power efficiency, display quality, and interactivity of electronic displays has grown exponentially. Besides these intrinsic factors pertaining to the product itself, other external factors such as a growth in population, increasing use of electronic devices, and technological development have propelled the global market for electronic displays.
While initial breakthroughs in this field were made in developed economies, the market is now inclining towards emerging regions in the east – in Asia. These markets have relatively less stringent government regulations and lower manufacturing costs making them a preferred base for companies in the field.
Scope of applications of electronic displays
The report enumerates various applications that the electronic display market caters to. The leading applications that drive this market are: computing devices, televisions, and cell phones. Other emerging uses are seen in toys and dresses, and e-readers (especially those with flexible displays). The research report also establishes that there is high growth potential in 3-D displays and flexible displays.
There is great demand for such displays in entertainment centers, healthcare institutions, retail and corporate establishments, government agencies, transportation industry, and others.
Electronic displays market by display technology
  • Cathode Ray Tube (CRT)
  • LCD
  • LED
  • Plasma
  • Projectors
  • 3D Screens
Companies mentioned
Notable entities in the electronic displays market are: LG Electronics, ActiveLight Inc., AU Optronics, Cambridge Display Technology, Acer Inc., Zenith Electronics Corp., Sharp Corporation, Toshiba Corp, Sony Corp., Casio Computer Co. Ltd., and others.

Electric Vehicle Operations Management Solutions Market Scope, Size, Share, Analysis by 2026

Smart technologies are shaping the future of many industries. Technological advancements, such as the introduction of electric vehicles, have changed the ecosystem of the automotive industry. Electric vehicle operations management solutions are required to manage charging infrastructure and grid connecting charging points in electric vehicles. They also provide semi-processed data to external systems for further processes such as billing, roaming, telematics processes, and others. Electric vehicle operations management solutions provide customer management modules to private and business customers; RFID card management, which includes roaming with other providers; charge point management modules for fault management, with real-time dashboard and configurations; billing, smart grid modules, and other facilities.

The global electric vehicle industry is expanding rapidly. In the past few years, electric vehicle adoption has reached nearly 3 million globally. Further, some of the leading players in the automotive industry, such as Tesla, Inc., General Motors Company, Nissan Motor Company Ltd, Volkswagen AG, and Volvo Cars, have announced plans for the electrification of cars. Chinese companies,  such as FAW Group Corporation, BYD Auto Co., Ltd., SAIC Motor Corporation Limited, BAIC Group, and Dongfeng Motor Corporation, have prominent presence in the electric vehicle industry.

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These companies offer their own brands of electric vehicles and have also partnered with some companies based in the U.S. and Europe.  Moreover, some prominent automotive companies have announced plans to enter the electric vehicle market. For instance, BMW announced that it would have 12 fully electric vehicles manufactured by 2025, and Porsche planned to invest US$ 7.4 Bn on future electric cars. With an increase in investment and entrance of leading automobile players in the production of electric vehicles, demand for electric vehicle operations management solutions is projected to rise in the near future.

Another factor driving the electric vehicle operations management solutions market is increase in spending by leading companies in the automobile sector. Embedded solutions are important for electric vehicle function. These solutions help replace complex mechanical systems and manage operations of vehicles such as electric car battery maintenance and battery management system (BMS), which both protects the battery and collects data on its internal state for analysis. Furthermore, some of the brands such as Tesla Model S developed smart solution and Bosch has introduced a mobile application for Mercedes Benz and Renault vehicles to find charging stations and pay for use. Companies in the automobile industry are developing advanced applications by investing in the Internet of Things and electromobility. This is expected to boost the electric vehicle operations management solutions market in the coming years. However, shortcomings of electric vehicles such as lack of charging infrastructure, special maintenance requirements, and quick battery wear-down are anticipated to restrain the global electric vehicle operations management solutions market.

The global electric vehicle operations management solutions market can be segmented based on deployment model, application, and region. Based on deployment model, the global electric vehicle operations management solutions market can be categorized into on-premise and cloud-based solutions. In terms of application, the global electric vehicle operations management solutions market can be classified into electric vehicle (ev) charging, network and management solution, grid management, and others.

Based on region, the global electric vehicle operations management solutions market can be divided into North America, Europe, Asia Pacific, Middle East & Africa, and South America. These geographic regions are further analyzed at country level, wherein top countries across North America include the U.S. and Canada. Europe includes market analysis across the U.K., Germany, France, and Rest of Europe. Similarly, the market in Asia Pacific is studied and analyzed across India, China, Japan, Australia, and Rest of Asia Pacific. The top countries in Middle East and Africa and South America include GCC countries, South Africa, and Brazil.

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Major companies operating in the global electric vehicle operations management solutions market include Kitu Systems, Inc., EV Connect., Open Access Technology International, Inc., Driivz, CGI Group Inc, Mahindra Electric Mobility Limited, Siemens Spa, EVSE Llc, and Rockwell Automation, Inc..

Electric Motors Market – Global Industry Analysis, Trends, Forecast 2019

Electric motors are commonly used as a source of mechanical energy in a broad range of residential, industrial and commercial applications such as fans, pumps, compressors, elevators, refrigerators and several other systems. The global electric motors market is expected to see a steady growth through the estimated period 2013 – 2019. Stringent electricity consumption regulations, rising need to reduce green house gas effects and positive outlook of manufacturing industries are expected to propel the growth of global electric motors market. Electric motor is the most vital component used in the production of motor vehicles, heating ventilating and cooling (HVAC) equipment and in several home appliances. Rising income levels and improving standards of living are expected to spur the production of motor vehicles and electronic appliances globally. This is expected to be the primary factor to boost the demand for electric motors globally. In addition, use of energy efficient electric motors minimizes financial burden on consumers and governments by optimizing electricity consumption. Due to the aforementioned factors, electric motors are expected to see a huge demand in the replacement market particularly from industrial users.
Types of electric motors include AC motors, DC motors and hermetic motors. AC motors are relatively smaller, cheaper and lighter and most commonly used in HVAC equipment, industrial and home appliances; and manufacturing facilities. In 2012, AC motors accounted for the largest revenue share of the overall electric motors market. DC motors are used for variable speed control applications such as motor vehicles, electronic toys, industrial machineries and equipment etc. Hermetic motors are expected to see the fastest growth at a CAGR of 8.5% through the estimated period with rising demand from HVAC manufacturers.
Based on output power capacity electric motors are divided into two categories fractional horsepower (FHP) motors and integral horsepower (IHP) motors. Fractional horsepower are generally used in low power applications and accounted for the largest revenue share of the electric motors in 2012. IHP motors are expected to see the fastest growth through the estimated period. Stringent electricity consumptions and benefits of energy efficiency electric motors are motivating industrial users to retrofit their plants with energy efficient electric motors. This represents a positive outlook for IHP motor suppliers in the next six years.
In 2012, motor vehicles accounted for the largest application segment for electric motors. Due to rising fuel prices and pollution, demand for electric vehicles is rising rapidly in developed and emerging countries such as the U.S., Japan, Germany, China, India and others. This segment is expected to maintain its dominating position in the electric motors market with increasing production of electric vehicles in the next six years. Significant demand for electric motors is also expected from HVAC industry, household appliances and industrial machinery segment.
Asia-Pacific was the largest as well as the fastest growing regional market in the global electric motors market. Growing industrialization and rising disposable income in China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia and several other countries in Asia-Pacific is likely to contribute to the growth of electric motors. North America and Europe is expected to grow blow global electric motors market CAGR through 2013 – 2019. Stringent electricity consumption regulations and government incentive programs for early replacement of low efficient electric motors are expected to drive this growth.
Global electric motors industry looks highly fragmented with large number of international and domestic players. Rising standardization and less price and quality differentiation among competitors is intensifying competition. Some major players in the global electric motors industry include Regal Beloit, Asmo Co Ltd, AMTEK, Baldor Electric Company and Danaher.

Edge Detectors Market:Global Industry Analysis and Opportunity Assessment 2027

Initial stages of vision processing identify image features that are important in approximating the properties and structure of an object in a visual. Edges are a vital component of this approximation. Edges are important local changes in an image and are critical in analysing images. Edges usually occur on the boundary between two different image regions. Edge detection is typically the first step in information recovery from an image. On account of its importance, edge detection is an active scientific research area in the present day and age.

An edge in an image is nothing but a notable local change in the intensity of the image, linked with a discontinuity in either the image intensity itself or the first image intensity derivative. Image intensity discontinuities can be either 1) step discontinuities i.e. where the image intensity suddenly changes from one value on one discontinuity side to an entirely different value on the other side, or 2) line discontinuities, i.e. where the image intensity suddenly changes the value but then reverts to the starting value within a short distance. It is quite rare to observe either step or line edges in a real image though. Sharp discontinuities are highly unlikely in real signals on account of low-frequency components or smoothing introduced by the majority of sensing devices. Line edges turn into roof edges and step edges turn into ramp edges, where image intensity changes are not immediate but occur over a certain distance.

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It is quite possible for an image to include both line and step characteristics. For e.g.- a surface that changes orientation from one level surface to another flat surface produces a step edge; if the surface corner is rounded and it has a specular component of reflectance, there could be a highlight as the rounded corner surface orientation passes a particular angle for specular reflection. The edge profile created in such a situation appears as a step edge with a line edge superimposed on it. There can also be edges connected to first derivative image intensity changes. For e.g. – mutual reflection from a concave corner side generates roof edges. Edges are a vital image feature as they could correspond to significant defining characteristics of objects in a scene. For e.g. – An object boundary typically creates step edges as the object image intensity is different from the background image intensity.

Edge Detectors Market: What is a Gradient?

Edge detection is essentially the detection of substantial changes in an image that are local in nature. In one dimension, a step edge is linked to a local peak in the first derivative. The gradient is a measure of change in the function and the image can be thought of having an array of samples of a recurring function of image intensity. By way of an analogy, image grey value significant changes can be identified by using a discrete estimation to the gradient. The gradient is a two-dimensional equal of the first derivative and is called the vector.
Two important properties are connected to the gradient – the vector points in the direction of the maximum function increase rate and the gradient magnitude given by the maximum rate of increase for every unit distance. It is quite common to estimate the gradient magnitude in terms of absolute values. An important point to note is that the gradient magnitude is actually independent of the edge direction. These operators are known as isotropic operators.

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Edge Detectors Market: Steps

Edge detection consists of three steps –

  1. Filtering – As gradient computation based on the intensity values of two points is susceptible to noise and other variances in computation, filtering is typically used to improve an edge detector’s performance w.r.t noise. There is a trade-off between noise reduction and edge strength though. Greater filtration to reduce the noise leads to a loss in edge strength
  2. Enhancement – To facilitate edge detection, it is vital to ascertain intensity changes in the vicinity of a point. Enhancement focuses upon pixel emphasis where there is a substantial change in local intensity value and it is conducted by calculating the gradient magnitude
  3. Detection ­– Only points with a strong edge content are desired. Many image points might have a gradient non-zero value though, and not all points are edges for the particular application. Thus, a method should be deployed to identify which points are edge ones. Thresholding provides the needed criterion for detection

Edge Detectors Market: Companies

Some of the companies in the edge detectors market are WideArray Ryeco and HackerEarth.

Driver Safety Systems Market by Technology, Vehicle Type & Forecast 2022

In recent years, there have been a spate of autonomous vehicular technologies with a variety of reactive and responsive features that aim to enhance the convenience and safety of drivers and the passengers. The increasing incorporation of advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) has boosted the adoption of driver safety systems in cars of all types, including compact, mid-sized, and commercial vehicles. In various regions, increased government focus on improving the safety of passengers and reduce the rising road fatalities have led car makers to incorporate driver safety systems. The growing popularity of driver safety systems equipped with a variety of functionalities such as lane departure warning, blind spot warning, steering angle sensor, and heart rate-monitoring is accentuating the market. The demand for ADAS as a part of aftermarket solutions bodes well for the driver safety systems market. The growing demand for distraction monitoring systems in passenger cars in developed and developing regions is boosting the market. The market is expected to witness the adoption of driver safety system in cars from premium and luxury segments to those in compact and mid-sized vehicles, especially in developing and developed nations.

The global driver safety systems market is anticipated to be worth US$1,921.3 Mn by 2017 end and is projected to reach US$2,750.0 by the end of 2022. The market is anticipated to expand at a CAGR of 7.4% from 2017 to 2022.

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Eye-Tracking Technology to Emerge As Most Lucrative Segment

The various technologies used for driver safety systems comprise eye-tracking, facial expressions, heart rate-monitoring, steering angle sensor (SAS), and lane departure system. Of these, eye-tracking is projected to lead the technology segment and is expected to witness prevalent demand among car buyers. The segment valued at US$ 456.6 Mn, represent a share of 23.8% of the market by 2017 end. Rising at an impressive CAGR of 8.1% from 2017 to 2022, the eye-tracking technology segment is projected to reach US$673.7 Mn by the end of the forecast period, representing the share of 24.5% of the overall technology market.  The annual growth is pegged at US$43.4 Mn annually during 2017–2022. The burgeoning demand for eye-tracking technology is attributed to the wide adoption of driver safety systems that focus on improving the awareness of drivers for a safe driving.

Asia Pacific excluding Japan (APEJ) anticipated to be Leading Regional Market

The various regions for the market for driver safety systems are North America, the Middle East and Africa, Latin America, Asia Pacific excluding Japan (APEJ), Japan, and Europe. Of these, Asia Pacific excluding Japan (APEJ) is projected to hold the dominant share of the global market, vis-à-vis revenue, throughout the assessment period. The APEJ driver safety system market is projected to expand at a CAGR of 8.4% during 2017–2022 and gain 138 basis point, vis-à-vis market share, by 2022 end. The regional market is estimated to hold a revenue share of 30.2% of the market by the end of 2017. The increasing incorporation of driver safety systems in a growing number of passenger cars and their vastly rising demand in several emerging economies of the region are prominent factors boosting the regional market.

North America is expected to Prominent Market

North America is a prominent market for driver safety systems. The regional market is fueled by the extensive adoption of technologies featuring advanced driver-assistance systems in vehicles and the rising popularity of autonomous cars. In addition, stringent regulations on incorporating devices for improving the road safety has further bolstered the demand for driver safety systems. The regional market is projected to rise at a CAGR of 7.2% during 2017–2022 and reach a valuation of US$695.9 Mn by the end of the forecast period.

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Competitive Analysis

Leading players operating in the in the driver safety systems market include Magna International Inc., Robert Bosch GmbH, Smart Eye AB, Seeing Machines, Valeo S.A., Continental AG, Denso Corporation, and Infineon Technologies AG. Several technology players are developing advanced systems with innovative features, in a move to gain a competitive edge over others.

Docking Station Market – Global Industry Analysis, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2020

Docking stations are used to plug electronic and mobile devices into common peripherals. They are hardware that help portable devices connect to various peripheral devices. Docking stations makes device connectivity user friendly. They have multiple slots for connectors, storage devices, and peripheral devices such as printers and monitors. Portable devices are transformed and a desktop-like feel is achieved with the help of a docking station. External monitors and keyboards increase ease-of-use. Docking stations help increase the productivity of employees by guaranteeing access to all the critical devices easily with reduced wiring. Docking stations are complementing strategies such as bring your own device (BYOD) and choose your own device (CYOD). The global docking station market was valued at US$ 4,204.7 Mn in 2013 and is forecast to grow at a CAGR of 5.3% from 2014 to 2020, reaching US$ 6,018.6 Mn in 2020.

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Changes in the work environment have resulted in the implementation of new policies, as employees work in the field or from their homes. Employees want to access all the important devices once they come back to their office desk without experiencing wiring problems. Docking stations provide easy access to all the devices within the office environment. An increasing number of enterprises globally are implementing BYOD policies to provide flexibility to their employees and increase employee satisfaction. Major docking station providers profiled in the report include Dell, Inc., Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P., Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd., Toshiba Corporation, ASUSTeK Corporation Inc., Lenovo Group Limited, StarTech.Com Ltd., and  Targus Group International, Inc.

The global docking station market has been segmented on the basis of type, technology, application, and geography. On the basis of type, the market is segmented into laptop docking stations, hard drive docking stations, and mobile device docking stations. Increasing adoption of BYOD policies by enterprises worldwide is driving the docking station market. Based on technology, the docking station market is further segmented into wired docks and wireless docks. Wired docks is the major sector in the technology segment due to the low cost of purchase and superior connectivity. Also, according to application the docking station market is divided into residential and commercial segments.

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North America led the docking station market in 2013, accounting for approximately 45% of the global market revenue; the region is expected to remain dominant throughout the forecast period from 2014 to 2020. The primary driver of the docking station market in North America is the wide adoption from the enterprise segment. Europe and Asia Pacific are anticipated to hold promising growth for the docking station market in the future.

Din Rail Mounted Boxes Market:Global Industry Analysis and Opportunity Assessment 2027

In a bid to explore the potential of the market for din rail mounted boxes, the term din rail needs to be defined. Din rail refers to a type of metal rail that is made with standard dimensions and is utilized majorly for the purpose of hoisting many different types of industrial equipment inside the tacks of the equipment. These rails are majorly comprised of cold rolled carbon steel sheet and those steel sheets are plated with chrome or zinc to provide a bright surface finish to those rails.

The term din rail has been derived from the original specifications that have been published by Deutsches Institut für Normung (DIN) in Germany and those are now being accepted as international (IEC) standards across the globe. Thus, as elaborated above, a din rail refers to a standard mounting rail which is designed in such a way that it facilitates quick mounting of a variety of control components such as contactors, terminals, and circuit breakers.

Taking vendor landscape into consideration, the market for din rail mounted boxes can be regarded as moderately fragmented and the market players has been focusing on strategically important moves like partnerships, mergers and acquisitions so as to reinforce their hold on the said market.

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Din Rail Mounted Boxes Market: Trends and Opportunities

Din rail mounted boxes are regarded most suitable for industrial computers that are extensively utilized in each and every processes of manufacturing at present. These computers perform different tasks such as control, collection and processing of data. Just as these computers accomplish important manufacturing functions, they are needed to be strong and suitable for usage in harsh and tough environments. These equipments must come with the capacity to endure heat and demanding environmental conditions. However, on the other hand, they should be easy to reach for the purpose of maintenance and operation. Din rails are being put to use for such purposes in electrical engineering for the process of mounting various equipment in terminal boxes, racks, cabinets, fuse boxes, and other type of enclosures where various different electrical equipments such as terminals, relays, and switches can also be fixed and clipped on the rails either in the form of a slide from the side or from the front.

The main benefit of making use of din rail mounted boxes is that they make use of much less storage space in mounting the equipment as compared to the traditional non din rail components which  are utilized in the segment of industrial automation.

Din Rail Mounted Boxes Market: Geography

The market research study on din rail mounted boxes also comes with regional analysis and segmentations of the said market. In accordance with the said study, the market spreads across the geographies of the Middle East and Africa (MEA), North America, Europe, Latin America and Asia Pacific (APAC). With the thriving segment of manufacturing in South Korea, Taiwan, and China and the new opportunities for manufacturing are coming up in the various emerging economies like India the requirement for din rail mounted boxes is set to be bolstered. As the industry of manufacturing continues with its expansion, there is a steady and strong demand for industrial automation equipment like din rail mounted boxes.

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Din Rail Mounted Boxes Market: Company Profiling

There are many prominent market players that are operating in the world market for din rail mounted boxes. Some of the prominent manufacturers of din rail mounted boxes comprise American Electrical Inc., Leviton, Hitaltech USA, Phoenix Contact, CSE, OKW Enclosures Inc., Clearwater Tech, Takachi, Camdenboss, Allen-Bradley, Auber instruments, Connexbox are amongst many others.