Flea and tick products are repellents, growth inhibitors, or pesticides used to treat or prevent flea and tick infestations in animals, such as cats and dogs. Fleas become infected when they bite infected animals, and when an infected flea bites an animal or person, it causes flea-borne infection. Fleas cause itching and allergic reaction, while ticks transmit infections such as Lyme disease. Although flea and tick products have been utilized in hundreds of millions of cats and dogs worldwide, sometimes adverse reactions or side effects can and do happen. When choosing a flea and tick treatment, it is highly recommended to consult with the doctor about any potential side effects that could occur.
Flea and tick products are very popular because they help control flea and tick-borne infection or disease. Although many flea and tick products available in the market are effective, some side effects and adverse reactions can occur, sometimes even fatal. Therefore, it is strongly recommended to consult a vet when considering such products, especially if the dog has certain pre-existing medical conditions. Before purchasing any type of flea and tick products, it is advisable to consult with the vet regarding the products that are safe for dogs and ones that may cause allergic reactions. Most vets will also advise on how to apply flea and tick products and what is best for the dog's skin.
Flea collars have proven to be very effective in the control of fleas, ticks, and other pests. Collars come in varying sizes and lengths, and it is important to buy the right one for the dog's size and breed. Generally, a three-inch collar is ideal for medium-sized dogs and one-inch collars are ideal for small breeds. However, it is not the size of the collar, but the amount of product to use that is important. Using too much can be harmful and not killing all the ticks and fleas that occur within the recommended period. Flea collars are designed to kill fleas. Some collars target only adult fleas, while others may kill some of the younger stages of fleas.
The most effective way to prevent a cat or dog from getting fleas and ticks is to make sure they don't come into contact with them. Dogs may develop Lyme disease from the bite of a tick. Once ill, dogs can become feverish and lame in one or more joints; may exhibit sluggishness, and their lymph nodes may swell. While most tick bites are harmless, several species can cause life-threatening diseases. Moreover, if a large number of fleas bite and feed on, the dog can develop anemia or low red blood cells.
This serious medical condition must be promptly addressed through veterinary care, especially in puppies.
In the U.S., some fleas carry pathogens that can cause human disease, such as Plague, most commonly transmitted to humans by infected ground squirrel fleas, Oropsylla Montana, and globally by infected Oriental rat fleas, Xenopsylla cheopis. Tick-borne diseases in the United States include Lyme disease, babesiosis, tularemia, ehrlichiosis, relapsing fever, Colorado tick fever, and Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Family physicians need to consider these illnesses when patients present with influenza-like symptoms. Therefore, there is an increasing demand for flea and tick products around the world, especially in the U.S.
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